Fishing capacity and fishing effort
The Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) collated fisheries dependent information for the Northeast Atlantic. This included, amongst others, effort information. Maps of fishing effort (expressed in hours fished) by year, fishing gear and ICES rectangle for the period 2000-2015 for the Arctic part of the northeast Atlantic (ICES areas I, II, Va and XIV – see Challenge 7 for more information on ICES areas) can be directly downloaded from the STECF website: https://stecf.jrc.ec.europa.eu/dd/effort/graphs-quarter - select map effort by rectangle – select annex DS. Furthermore, STECF provided effort information (in kWdays) by gear and regulated area for the period 2003-2015 for the Arctic part of the Northeast Atlantic (Figure 1).
Figure 1: Total effort (kWdays) bottom trawls n ICES areas I,II,V,XIV. Source: STECF - https://stecf.jrc.ec.europa.eu/dd/effort/graphs-annex
The Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) provides input to help the European Commission implement the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). The Commission consults the committee on all matters relating to conservation and management of living aquatic resources. Members of the STECF are nominated by the Commission. STECF may form internal working groups, whose meetings can also be attended by invited experts. The STECF Expert Working Group on Fisheries Dependent Information (FDI) is consulted by the Commission to assess fishing effort deployed and catches by fisheries and métiers. For this, STECF gathers FDI for all EU member states. Time series are provided as far back as possible for a number of defined fishing areas.
The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (NAFO) provided monthly catch and effort information by year, country, tonnage, main species, division and year for the Northwest Atlantic on the NAFO website (21B database) for the period 1960-2014. However, as the coding of the presented effort was unclear, it was uncertain whether this information was useable.
The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) is an intergovernmental regional fisheries management organization (RFMO) founded in 1979. It’s overall objective is “to contribute through consultation and cooperation to the optimum utilization, rational management and conservation of the fishery resources of the NAFO Convention Area” (www.nafo.int
). The NAFO members (currently twelve) send their annual compilation of information on national catches and landings to the NAFO Secretariat.